Guitar - Wikipedia. The guitar is a musical instrument classified as a frettedstring instrument with anywhere from four to 1.
It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, thumb or fingernails of the right hand or with a pick while fretting (or pressing against the frets) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is a type of chordophone, traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. The modern guitar was preceded by the gittern, the vihuela, the four- course. Renaissance guitar, and the five- course baroque guitar, all of which contributed to the development of the modern six- string instrument. There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar: the classical guitar (nylon- string guitar), the steel- string acoustic guitar, and the archtop guitar, which is sometimes called a .
Gitar er et allsidig strengeinstrument som finnes i svært mange hjem, på mange ulike typer konsertarenaer, og i mange kulturer. Den er blant verdens mest populære. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content and share it all with friends, family and the world on YouTube.
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On PremierGuitar.com, "Sponsored Content" refers to articles, videos, or audio recordings that are produced or curated by an advertiser but that Premier Guitar is. 1,881,619 likes · 46,120 talking about this. Guitar lessons, interviews, product reviews, videos, tabs and more from the Guitar World. The guitar is a musical instrument classified as a fretted string instrument with anywhere from four to 18 strings, usually having six. Please review our Forum Rules and Policies. The Steel Guitar Forum 148 South Cloverdale Blvd. Cloverdale, CA 95425 USA. The most common tuning for acoustic steel guitar (Dobro) is open G: D; B; G; D; B; G; One advantage to this tuning is that you have three sets of strings one octave. JOE SOUTH: Walk a mile in my shoes: HELEN SHAPIRO: Walking back to happiness: NORMA TANEGA: Walking my cat named dog: WILLIE TEE: Walking up a oneway street.
The tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the strings' vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber. The classical guitar is often played as a solo instrument using a comprehensive finger- picking technique where each string is plucked individually by the player's fingers, as opposed to being strummed. The acoustic bass guitar is a low- pitched instrument that is one octave below a regular guitar. Electric guitars, introduced in the 1. Early amplified guitars employed a hollow body, but a solid wood body was eventually found more suitable during the 1.
As with acoustic guitars, there are a number of types of electric guitars, including hollowbody guitars, archtop guitars (used in jazz guitar, blues and rockabilly) and solid- body guitars, which are widely used in rock music. The loud, amplified sound and sonic power of the electric guitar played through a guitar amp has played a key role in the development of blues and rock music, both as an accompaniment instrument (playing riffs and chords) and performing guitar solos, and in many rock subgenres, notably heavy metal music and punk rock. The electric guitar has had a major influence on popular culture. The guitar is used in a wide variety of musical genres worldwide.
It is recognized as a primary instrument in genres such as blues, bluegrass, country, flamenco, folk, jazz, jota, mariachi, metal, punk, reggae, rock, soul, and many forms of pop. History. Before the development of the electric guitar and the use of synthetic materials, a guitar was defined as being an instrument having .
A 3,3. 00- year- old stone carving of a Hittite bard playing a stringed instrument is the oldest iconographic representation of a chordophone and clay plaques from Babylonia show people playing an instrument that has a strong resemblance to the guitar, indicating a possible Babylonian origin for the guitar. The modern word guitar, and its antecedents, has been applied to a wide variety of chordophones since classical times and as such causes confusion. The English word guitar, the German Gitarre, and the French guitare were all adopted from the Spanish guitarra, which comes from the Andalusian Arabic.
Although the development of the earliest . The guitarra morisca had a rounded back, wide fingerboard, and several sound holes.
The guitarra Latina had a single sound hole and a narrower neck. By the 1. 4th century the qualifiers .
It had six courses (usually), lute- like tuning in fourths and a guitar- like body, although early representations reveal an instrument with a sharply cut waist. It was also larger than the contemporary four- course guitars. By the 1. 6th century, the vihuela's construction had more in common with the modern guitar, with its curved one- piece ribs, than with the viols, and more like a larger version of the contemporary four- course guitars. The vihuela enjoyed only a relatively short period of popularity in Spain and Italy during an era dominated elsewhere in Europe by the lute; the last surviving published music for the instrument appeared in 1.
Meanwhile, the five- course baroque guitar, which was documented in Spain from the middle of the 1. Spain, Italy and France from the late 1. Within each of these categories, there are also further sub- categories. For example, an electric guitar can be purchased in a six- string model (the most common model) or in seven or 1. Acoustic. Acoustic guitars form several notable subcategories within the acoustic guitar group: classical and flamenco guitars; steel- string guitars, which include the flat- topped, or . The acoustic guitar group also includes unamplified guitars designed to play in different registers, such as the acoustic bass guitar, which has a similar tuning to that of the electric bass guitar.
Renaissance and Baroque. Renaissance and Baroque guitars are the ancestors of the modern classical and flamenco guitar.
They are substantially smaller, more delicate in construction, and generate less volume. The strings are paired in courses as in a modern 1. They were more often used as rhythm instruments in ensembles than as solo instruments, and can often be seen in that role in early music performances. The classical guitar's wide, flat neck allows the musician to play scales, arpeggios, and certain chord forms more easily and with less adjacent string interference than on other styles of guitar. Flamenco guitars are very similar in construction, but they are associated with a more percussive tone. In Portugal, the same instrument is often used with steel strings particularly in its role within fado music.
The guitar is called viola, or viol. In Colombia, the traditional quartet includes a range of instruments too, from the small bandola (sometimes known as the Deleuze- Guattari, for use when traveling or in confined rooms or spaces), to the slightly larger tiple, to the full- sized classical guitar. The requinto also appears in other Latin- American countries as a complementary member of the guitar family, with its smaller size and scale, permitting more projection for the playing of single- lined melodies. Modern dimensions of the classical instrument were established by the Spaniard Antonio de Torres Jurado (1.
The robust X- bracing typical of the steel- string was developed in the 1. German- American luthiers, of whom Christian Friedrich .
Originally used on gut- strung instruments, the strength of the system allowed the guitar to withstand the additional tension of steel strings when this fortunate combination arose in the early 2. The steel strings produce a brighter tone, and according to many players, a louder sound. The acoustic guitar is used in many kinds of music including folk, country, bluegrass, pop, jazz, and blues. Many variations are possible from the roughly classical- sized OO and Parlour to the large Dreadnought (the most commonly available type) and Jumbo. Ovation makes a modern variation, with a rounded back/side assembly molded from artificial materials. Archtop. Archtop guitars are steel- string instruments in which the top (and often the back) of the instrument are carved, from a solid billet, into a curved, rather than a flat, shape. This violin- like construction is usually credited to the American Orville Gibson (1.
Lloyd Loar of the Gibson Mandolin- Guitar Mfg. Co introduced the violin- inspired . The typical archtop guitar has a large, deep, hollow body whose form is much like that of a mandolin or a violin- family instrument.
Nowadays, most archtops are equipped with magnetic pickups, and they are therefore both acoustic and electric. F- hole archtop guitars were immediately adopted, upon their release, by both jazz and country musicians, and have remained particularly popular in jazz music, usually with flatwound strings.
Resonator, resophonic or Dobros. All three principal types of resonator guitars were invented by the Slovak- American John Dopyera (1. National and Dobro (Dopyera Brothers) companies. Similar to the flat top guitar in appearance, but with a body that may be made of brass, nickel- silver, or steel as well as wood, the sound of the resonator guitar is produced by one or more aluminum resonator cones mounted in the middle of the top. The physical principle of the guitar is therefore similar to the loudspeaker.
The original purpose of the resonator was to produce a very loud sound; this purpose has been largely superseded by electrical amplification, but the resonator guitar is still played because of its distinctive tone. Resonator guitars may have either one or three resonator cones. The method of transmitting sound resonance to the cone is either a . Three- cone resonators always use a specialized metal bridge. The type of resonator guitar with a neck with a square cross- section—called .
The round neck resonator guitars are normally played in the same fashion as other guitars, although slides are also often used, especially in blues. Twelve- string. The twelve- string guitar usually has steel strings, and it is widely used in folk music, blues, and rock and roll. Rather than having only six strings, the 1. The highest two courses are tuned in unison, while the others are tuned in octaves. The 1. 2- string guitar is also made in electric forms. The chime- like sound of the 1. Acoustic bass. The acoustic bass guitar is a bass instrument with a hollow wooden body similar to, though usually somewhat larger than, that of a 6- string acoustic guitar.
Like the traditional electric bass guitar and the double bass, the acoustic bass guitar commonly has four strings, which are normally tuned E- A- D- G, an octave below the lowest four strings of the 6- string guitar, which is the same tuning pitch as an electric bass guitar. It can, more rarely, be found with 5 or 6 strings, which provides a wider range of notes to be played with less movement up and down the neck. Electric. Electric guitars can have solid, semi- hollow, or hollow bodies; solid bodies produce little sound without amplification.