A History Of Arab Peoples Pdf

Introductory Note Geography and Early History The Jewish Kingdoms From Roman to Ottoman Rule The British Mandate Modern History. Separately: Recent History of the. History, timeline, biography, culture, arts, customs, cuisine. Home Page Site Search Sights & Activities Localities 450 million: Regions with significant populations Arab League 423 million: Significant Arab diaspora in.

Arabs - Wikipedia. Arabs. An Arab can follow any religion or irreligion. Arabs (Arabic: . They primarily live in the Arab states in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and western Indian Ocean islands. This was one of the largest land empires in history.

Arab Americans trace their ancestral roots to several Arab countries. Lebanon is the homeland of a majority of Arab Americans, followed by Syria, Palestine. In The Complete Blood Type Encyclopedia by Peter D'Adamo. There is a vast span of human existence of which little is known. Archeological ruins from the beginnings.

The Arab world stretches around 1. Beyond the boundaries of the League of Arab States, Arabs can also be found in the global diaspora.

In the pre- Islamic era, most Arabs followed polytheistic religions. Some tribes had adopted Christianity or Judaism, and a few individuals, the hanifs, apparently observed monotheism. Arab Christians generally follow one of the Eastern Christian Churches, such as the Maronite, Coptic Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic, or Chaldean churches. Abu Muhammad al- Hasan al- Hamdani had another view; he states that Arabs were called Gharab (. In Biblical etymology, .

It is also possible that some forms were metathetical from . Today, however, most Arabs are Muslim, with a minority adhering to other faiths, largely Christianity, but also Druze and Baha'i.

Modern Standard Arabic serves as the standardized and literary variety of Arabic used in writing. The Arabs are first mentioned in the mid- ninth century BCE as a tribal people dwelling in the central Arabian Peninsula subjugated by Upper Mesopotamia- based state of Assyria. The Arabs appear to have remained largely under the vassalage of the Neo- Assyrian Empire (9.

BCE), and then the succeeding Neo- Babylonian Empire (6. BCE), Persian Achaemenid Empire (5. BCE), Greek. Macedonian/Seleucid Empire and Parthian Empire. Arab tribes, most notably the Ghassanids and Lakhmids begin to appear in the south Syrian deserts and southern Jordan from the mid 3rd century CE onwards, during the mid to later stages of the Roman Empire and Sasanian Empire.

The Nabataeans of Jordan appear to have been an Aramaic speaking ethnic mix of Canaanites, Arameans and Arabs. Thus, although a more limited diffusion of Arab culture and language was felt in some areas by these migrant minority Arabs in pre- Islamic times through Arab Christian kingdoms and Arab Jewish tribes, it was only after the rise of Islam in the mid- 7th century that Arab culture, people and language began their wholesale spread from the central Arabian Peninsula (including the south Syrian desert) through conquest and trade.

Subgroups. Pre- Islamic Arabia refers to the Arabian Peninsula prior to the rise of Islam in the 6. Some of the settled communities in the Arabian Peninsula developed into distinctive civilizations. Sources for these civilizations are not extensive, and are limited to archaeological evidence, accounts written outside of Arabia, and Arab oral traditions later recorded by Islamic scholars.

Among the most prominent civilizations were Thamud, which arose around 3. BCE and lasted to about 3. CE, and Dilmun, which arose around the end of the fourth millennium and lasted to about 6. CE. Additionally, from the beginning of the first millennium BCE, Southern Arabia was the home to a number of kingdoms, such as the Sabaean kingdom, and the coastal areas of Eastern Arabia were controlled by the Parthian and Sassanians from 3. BCE. Within the people of the Arabian Peninsula, distinction is made between: Perishing Arabs (Arabic: . Jadis and Tasm perished because of genocide. Archaeologists have recently uncovered inscriptions that contain references to 'Iram, which was a major city of the 'Aad.

Imlaq is the singular form of 'Amaleeq and is probably synonymous to the biblical Amalek. Of the Arabian tribes that interacted with Muhammad, the most prominent was the Quraysh. The Quraysh subclan, the Banu Hashim, was the clan of Muhammad. During the early Muslim conquests and the Islamic Golden Age, the political rulers of Islam were exclusively members of the Quraysh.

The Arab presence in Iran did not begin with the Arab conquest of Persia in 6. AD. For centuries, Iranian rulers had maintained contacts with Arabs outside their borders, dealt with Arab subjects and client states (such as those of Iraq and Yemen), and settled Arab tribesmen in various parts of the Iranian plateau. The Arab infiltration into Iran began before the Muslim conquests and continued as a result of the joint exertions of the civilized Arabs (ahl al- madar) as well as the desert Arabs (ahl al- wabar). Smaller groups are the Khamseh nomads in Fars Province and the Arabs in Khorasan. This tribal division is likewise taken to date to the Umayyad period. The Yemen trace their origin to South Arabia or Yemen; they include Banu Kalb, Kindah, Ghassanids, and Lakhmids.

Along with indigenous communities in Al Husn, Aqaba, Irbid, Al Karak, Madaba, Jerash, Ajloun, Fuheis and Pella. This may derive from a historical feudal system in which the Murabtin were vassals to the Sa. These groups are collectively known as Sudanese Arabs. In addition, there are other Afroasiatic- speaking populations, such as Copts and Beja. Slavery substantially persists today along these lines. Arabs and Arabic- speakers inhabit plains and cities. The Banu Hilal spent almost a century in Egypt before moving to Libya, Tunisia and Algeria, and another century later some moves to Morocco, it is logical to think that they are mixed with inhabitants of Egypt and with Libya.

The estimated number of Arabs in countries outside the Arab League is estimated at 1. Arab world. Population density of the Arab world in 2. According to the Charter of the Arab League (also known as the Pact of the League of Arab States), the League of Arab States is composed of independent Arab states that are signatories to the Charter. Among these are Berbers, Toubou, Nubians, Jews, Kurds, Armenians. Iraq, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman have a Persian speaking minority.

The same countries also have Hindi- Urdu speakers and Filipinos as sizable minority. Balochi speakers are a good size minority in Oman. Additionally, countries like Bahrain, UAE, Oman and Kuwait have significant non- Arab and non- Muslim minorities (1. Hindus and Christians from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and the Philippines. The table below shows the distribution of populations in the Arab world, as well as the official language(s) within the various Arab states.

According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 1. Arab migrants in the world, of which 5. Arab countries. Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2. 00. 9, Arab countries received a total of 3. USD in remittance in- flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 4. Arab countries. Zanzibar was once ruled by Omani Arabs.

Most Arabs in France are from the Maghreb but some also come from the Mashreq areas of the Arab world. Arabs in France form the second largest ethnic group after French people of French origin. Greece (2. 50,0. 00 to 7.

And in other European countries, such as Norway, Austria, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Republic of Macedonia, Romania and Serbia. Demographic trends indicate that the country already had as many as 1. Arab- origin citizens before the war, so Turkey's Arab constituency now numbers anywhere from 4. In other words, nearly 4–5 million Arab inhabitants.

Today, it is estimated that nearly 3. Americans trace their roots to an Arab country. Metropolitan Los Angeles, Detroit, and New York City are home to one- third of the population. Their immigration was relatively limited until 1. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. From the time of the Arab conquest of the Caucasus, continuous small- scale Arab migration from various parts of the Arab world occurred in Dagestan. The majority of these lived in the village of Darvag, to the north- west of Derbent.

The latest of these accounts dates to the 1. Most Arabs of Central Asia are fully integrated into local populations, and sometimes call themselves the same as locals (for example, Tajiks, Uzbeks) but they use special titles to show their Arabic origin such as Sayyid, Khoja or Siddiqui. One of the oldest mosques in Sri Lanka. It is believed to be the site where the first Arabs landed in Sri Lanka. There are only two communities in India which self- identify as Arabs, the Chaush of the Deccan region and the Chavuse of Gujarat. However, neither community still speaks Arabic, although the Chaush have seen re- immigration to the Arab States of the Persian Gulf and thus a re- adoption of Arabic.

These include the Mappilla of Kerala and the Labbai of Tamil Nadu. There are about 5,0. Native Indonesians with Arab ancestry.

The Sri Lankan Moors are the third largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9. Most Afro- Arabs inhabit the Swahili Coast in the African Great Lakes region, although some can also be found in parts of the Arab world. The Chadian Arabs are (2,3. The study of Pre- Islamic Arabia is important to Islamic studies as it provides the context for the development of Islam. Origins and early history.

Old Arabic diverges from Central Semitic by the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. The first written attestation of the ethnonym . Some of the names given in these texts are Aramaic, while others are the first attestations of Ancient North Arabian dialects. In fact several different ethnonyms are found in Assyrian texts that are conventionally translated .

Many of the Qedarite queens were also described as queens of the aribi. The Hebrew Bible occasionally refers to Aravi peoples (or variants thereof), translated as . The Qahtanites (Qahtanis) are said to have migrated from the land of Yemen following the destruction of the Ma'rib Dam (sadd Ma'rib). The Book of Genesis narrates that God promised Hagar to beget from Ishmael twelve princes and turn him to a great nation.(Genesis 1.